Title: The Astonishing Birth and History of that Wonderful Freak of Nature…Millie Christine

Artist/Maker:

Date: 1871

Source: Cushing/Whitney Medical Library, Yale University

Copyright/Permissions: The Astonishing Birth and History of that Wonderful Freak of Nature…Millie Christine. Wood engraving & letterpress. London: Published by F. Farrah 282, Strand, And A. Richie, Wine Office Court, Fleet Street, 1871. Cushing/Whitney Medical Library Prints and Drawings Collection

Location(s): North Carolina, USA; Wine Office Court, Fleet Street, London, England; 282 Strand, London, England

 

Date posted: January 29, 2021 | Author: | Comments Off on The Astonishing Birth and History of that Wonderful Freak of Nature…Millie Christine

Categories: Experimentation Reproductive Medicine Slavery and Medical Knowledge

Title: Title Page Image From Mille-Christine, History of the Carolina Twins: “Told in Their Own Peculiar Way” by “One of Them.” Buffalo: Buffalo Courier Printing House, 18–?.

Artist/Maker:

Date: ca. 1869

Source: North Carolina Collection, University Library, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Copyright/Permissions: Public Domain

References: Boster, Dea H. African American Slavery and Disability: Bodies, Property and Power in the Antebellum South, 1800-1860. New York: Routledge, 2013.

Location(s): North Carolina, USA

Commentary: Conjoined twins Millie and Christine McCoy were born in North Carolina in 1851. Known as the “Carolina Twins,” they were subject to countless medical studies that focused on their reproductive organs and anus; their mother was studied as well. Additionally, the two were toured around the country as “medical curiosities,” and this image is the title page of a leaflet their “agents” sold to individuals who came to gawk at them.

Click here to listen to a response to this object by an Art Hx team member.

 

Date posted: January 28, 2021 | Author: | Comments Off on Title Page Image From Mille-Christine, History of the Carolina Twins

Categories: Experimentation Reproductive Medicine Slavery and Medical Knowledge

Title: Dr. James Marion Sims and nurse repairing a vesico-vaginal fistula patient. From Henry Savage, The Surgery, Surgical Pathology, and Surgical Anatomy of the Female Pelvic Organs, in a Series of Coloured Plates Taken from Nature. With Commentaries, Notes, and Cases. Second Edition. London, John Churchill & Sons, 1870. Hand-coloured lithograph, Folio – leaf: 313 x 240 mm.

Artist/Maker: J.B. Léveillé

Date: 1870

Source: Hagströmer Medico-Historical Library

Copyright/Permissions: Hagströmer Medico-Historical Library, Karolinska Institutet

References: Owens, Deirdre Cooper. Medical Bondage: Race, Gender, and The Origins of American Gynecology. Athens, GA: UGA Press, 2017.

Location(s): Montgomery, Alabama, USA; London, England

Commentary: U.S. physician James Marion Sims (1813-1883) experimented on enslaved Black women such as Anarcha, Betsy, and Lucy, operating on them without anesthesia to develop various gynecological procedures (including a treatment for vesicovaginal fistula). Taken from a 19th century medical text, this image depicts Sim’s female patient as white, erasing Sims’s exploitation of Black women and the key role they were forced to play in the founding of modern gynecological medicine.

 

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