Collections

Browse the archives, libraries, and museum collections that house objects in the Art Hx Database and inform the projects on this site.

Archives New Zealand | New Zealand (various locations)

Auckland Libraries and Special Collections | Auckland, New Zealand

Australian Museum | Sydney, Australia

Barts Health NHS Trust Archives and Museums | London, England

Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale University | New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Bolton Library and Museums | Bolton, England

British Library | London, England

British Museum | London, England

Chau Chak Wing Museum, University of Sydney | Sydney, Australia

Office of NIH History and Stetten Museum, National Institutes of Health | Bethesda, Maryland, USA

Dittrick Medical History Center, Case Western Reserve University | Cleveland, Ohio, USA

Economic Botany Library of Oakes Ames, Harvard University | Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

Firestone Rare Books and Special Collections, Princeton University | Princeton, New Jersey, USA

Government Museum | Chennai, India

Harvey Cushing/John Hay Whitney Medical Library, Yale University | New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Indian Museum | Kolkata, India

John Carter Brown Collections, Brown University | Providence, Rhode Island, USA

Library and Archives Canada | Ottawa, Canada

Library and Archives NT | Darwin, Australia

Library of Congress | Washington D.C., USA

Massachusetts Historical Society | Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Maude Abbott Medical Museum | Montreal, Canada

Melbourne Medical History Museum, University of Melbourne | Melbourne, Australia

Milwaukee Public Museum | Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA

Mobile Medical Museum | Mobile, Alabama, USA

Museum of Anthropological Archaeology, University of Michigan | Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA

Museum of New Zealand/Te Papa Tongarewa | Wellington, New Zealand

Museums Victoria | Victoria, Australia

National Library of Australia | Canberra, Australia

National Library of Medicine – National Institutes of Health | Bethesda, Maryland, USA

National Museum of African American History and Culture | Washington D.C., USA

National Museum of American History | Washington D.C., USA

National Museum of Civil War Medicine | Frederick, Maryland, USA

National Museum of Health and Medicine | Silver Spring, Maryland, USA

National Museum of Natural History | Washington D.C., USA

National Museum of the American Indian | Washington D.C., USA

National Portrait Gallery | London, England

Natural History Museum of Jamaica | Kingston, Jamaica

Health Sciences Library, Ohio State University | Columbus, Ohio, USA

Otago Museum | Dunedin, New Zealand

Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University | Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

Penn Museum | Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts | Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Princeton University Art Museum | Princeton, New Jersey, USA

Puke Ariki Library and Museum | New Plymouth, New Zealand

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew | London, England

Royal College of Physicians Museum | London, England

Royal Museums Greenwich | Greenwich, England

Royal Ontario Museum | Ontario, Canada

Santos Museum of Economic Botany | Adelaide, Australia

Science History Institute | Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

Science Museum Group | UK and USA (various locations)

Science Museum of Minnesota | St. Paul, Minnesota, USA

South Australian Museum | Adelaide, Australia

Te Manawa | Palmerston North, New Zealand

Thackray Museum of Medicine | Leeds, England

The Field Museum | Chicago, Illinois, USA

The Metropolitan Museum of Art | New York, New York, USA

The Mütter Museum of The College of the Physicians of Philadelphia | Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA

The New York Academy of Medicine | New York, New York, USA

The Old Operating Theatre Museum & Herb Garret | London, England

The Porirua Hospital Museum | Porirua, New Zealand

The Royal Society of Medicine | London, England

The Waring Historical Library | Charleston, South Carolina, USA

Waikoto Museum/Te Whare Taonga o Waikato | Hamilton, New Zealand

Warren Anatomical Museum at the Center for the History of Medicine, Harvard Medical School | Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA

Wellcome Collection | London, England

World Museum (National Museums Liverpool) | Liverpool, England

Yale Center for British Art | New Haven, Connecticut, USA

Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History | New Haven, Connecticut, USA

 

Bibliographies

The Art Hx team has compiled bibliographies on the following themes:

Bioprospecting
Colonial Medicine in the British Empire
Disability
Epidemics
Fatphobia
Gendered/Sexed Experiences of Medicine
Landscape and Disease
Landscape and Race
Medicine and Image-Making
Mental Health
Racial Science in the British Empire
Reproductive Medicine
Skin and Skin Disease
Tropical Disease and Medicine
 

Bioprospecting

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Brockway, Lucile H. Science and Colonial Expansion: The Role of the British Royal Botanic Gardens. New York: Academic Press, 1979.

Franklin, Sarah. “Mapping Biocapital: New Frontiers of Bioprospecting.” Cultural Geographies 13, no. 2 (2006): 301-04.

Kumarakulasingam, Narendran and Mvuselelo Ngcoya. “Plant Provocations: Botanical Indigeneity and (De)colonial Imaginations.” Contexto Internacional 38, no. 3 (2016): 843-864.

Mackenzie, John M., ed. Imperialism and the Natural World. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 1990.

Mukherjee, Abhijit. “Natural Science in Colonial Context: The Calcutta Botanic Garden and the Agri-Horticultural Society of India, 1787– 1870.” PhD dissertation. Jadavpur University, Calcutta, 1996.

Mukherjee, Abhijit. “The Peruvian Bark Revisited: A Critique of British Cinchona Policy in Colonial India.” Bengal Past and Present 117 (1998): 81– 102.

Murphy, Kathleen S. “Translating the Vernacular: Indigenous and African Knowledge in the Eighteenth-Century British Atlantic.” Atlantic Studies 8, no. 1 (2011): 29-48.

O’Donnell, Rachel. “The Politics of Natural Knowing: Contraceptive Plant Properties in the Caribbean.” Journal of International Women’s Studies 17, no. 3 (2016): 59-79.

Ogborn, Miles. “Talking Plants: Botany and Speech in Eighteenth-Century Jamaica.” History of Science 51, no. 3 (2013): 251-282.

Schieberger, Londa. “Feminist History of Colonial Science.” Hypatia 19, no. 1 (2004): 233-54.

Schiebinger, Londa. Plants and Empire: Colonial Bioprospecting in the Atlantic World. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2004.

Sloane, Hans. A Voyage to the Islands Madera, Barbados, Nieves, S. Christophers and Jamaica. London: printed by B. M. for the author, 1707.

 

Colonial Medicine in the British Empire

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Establishment of Colonial Medicine:

Alavi, Seema. Islam and Healing: Loss and Recovery of an Indo-Muslim Medical Tradition, 1600-1900. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

Arnold, David. Science, Technology, and Medicine in Colonial India. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Bala, Poonam, ed. Medicine and Colonialism: Historical Perspectives in India and South Africa. London: Pickering & Chatto, 2014.

Digby, Anne, Waltraud Ernst, and Projit B Muhkarji, eds. Crossing Colonial Historiographies: Histories of Colonial and Indigenous Medicines In Transnational Perspective. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars, 2010.

Harrison, Mark. Medicine in an Age of Commerce and Empire: Britain and its Tropical Colonies, 1660-1830. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Satya, Laxman D. Medicine, Disease and Ecology in Colonial India: the Deccan Plateau in the 19th Century. New Delhi: Manohar Publishers, 2008.

Schiebinger, Londa. Secret Cures of Slaves: People, Plants and Medicine in the 18th Century Atlantic World. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2017.

Senior, Emily. The Caribbean and Medical Imagination, 1764-1834: Slavery, Disease and Colonial Modernity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018.

Wallis, Patrick and Mark S.R. Jenner, eds. Medicine and the Market in England and its Colonies, 1450-1850. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

Colonial Medicine and Public Health:

Bashford, Alison. Imperial Hygiene: A Critical History of Colonialism, Nationalism, and Public Health. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004.

Khalid, Amna and Ryan Johnson, eds. Public Health in the British Empire: Intermediaries, Subordinates, and Public Health Practice, 1850-1960. New York: Routledge, 2012.

Kumar, Anil. Medicine and the Raj: British Medical Policy in India, 1835-1911. London: Sage, 1998.

Manderson, Lenore. Sickness and the State: Health and Illness in Colonial Malaya, 1870-1940. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Colonial Medicine in Postcolonial Contexts:

Anderson, Warwick, Deborah Jenson, and Richard C. Keller, eds. Unconscious Dominions: Psychoanalysis, Colonial Trauma, and Global Sovereignties. Durham: Duke University Press, 2011.

Anderson, Warwick. “The Colonial Medicine of Settler States: Comparing Histories of Indigenous Health.” Health and History 9, no. 2 (2007): 144-154.

Bagchi, Amiya Kumar and Krishna Soman, eds. Maladies, Preventives and Curatives: Debates in Public Health in India. New Delhi: Tulika Books, 2005.

 

Disability

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Arnold,  David. “British India and the ‘Beriberi Problem,’ 1798–1942.” Medical History 54, No. 3 (2010): 295–314.

Baynton, Douglas C. Defectives in the Land: Disability and Immigration in the Age of Eugenics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2016.

Boster, Dea H. African American Slavery and Disability: Bodies, Property and Power in the Antebellum South, 1800-1860. New York: Routledge, 2013.

Boster, Dea H. “‘Unfit for Ordinary Purposes’: Disability, Slaves, and Decision Making in the Antebellum American South.” In Disability Histories, 201-217. Edited by Susan Burch and Michael Rembis. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2014.

Capurri, Valentina. Not Good Enough for Canada: Canadian public discourse around issues of inadmissibility for potential immigrants with diseases and/or disabilities, 1902-2002. Toronto; Buffalo; London: University of Toronto Press, 2020.

Cleall, Esme. “Orientalising deafness: race and disability in imperial Britain.” Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture 21, No. 1 (2015): 22-36.

Cleall, Esme. “Producing and managing deviance in the disabled colonial self: John Kitto, the deaf traveller.” In Subverting Empire: Deviance and Disorder in the British Colonial World, 126-144. Edited by Will Jackson and Emily J. Manktelow. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

Dolmage, Jay. Disabled Upon Arrival: Eugenics, Immigration, and the Construction of Race and Disability. Columbus: Ohio State University Press, 2018.

Goveia, Elsa. The West Indian slave laws of the 18th century. Barbados: Caribbean University Press, 1970.

Grech, Shaun. “Decolonising Eurocentric disability studies: why colonialism matters in the disability and global South debate.” Social Identities Vol. 21, No. 1 (March 2015): 6-21.

Hunt-Kennedy, Stefanie. Between Fitness and Death: Disability and Slavery in the Caribbean. Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2020.

Hunt-Kennedy, Stefanie. “‘Had his nose cropt for being formerly runaway:’ Disability and the Bodies of Fugitive Slaves in the British Caribbean.” Slavery & Abolition: A Journal of Slave and Post-Slave Studies, Vol. 41, Issue 2 (2020): 212-233.

Nair, Aparna. “‘They Shall See His Face’: Blindness in British India, 1850–1950.” Medical History Vol. 61, No. 2  (2017): 181 -199.

Rose, Sarah F. No Right to be Idle: The Invention of Disability, 1840s-1930s. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2017.

Schweik, Susan M.  “Race, Segregation, and the Ugly Law.” In The Ugly Laws: Disability in Public, 184-204. New York: New York University Press, 2009.

Soldatic, Karen. Disability and Neoliberal State Formations. London: Routledge, 2019.

Soldatic, Karen. “Postcolonial reproductions: disability, indigeneity and the formation of the white masculine settler state of Australia.” Social Identities: Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture, vol. 21, no. 1  (2016): 53-68.

Soldatic, Karen and Shaun Grech. Disability and Colonialism: (Dis)encounters and Anxious Intersectionalities. New York: Routledge, 2016.

Stone, Andrea. Black Well-Being : Health and Selfhood in Antebellum Black Literature. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2016.

 

Epidemics

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Archer, Seth. Sharks Upon the Land: Colonialism, Indigenous Health, and Culture in Hawai’i, 1778-1855. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018.

Arnold, David. Colonizing the Body: State Medicine and Epidemic Disease in Nineteenth-Century India. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993.

Bashford, Alison, ed. Quarantine: Local and Global Histories. New York: Palgrave Macmillian, 2016.

Bhattacharya, Sanjoy, Mark Harrison, and Michael Worboy, eds. Fractured States: Smallpox, Public Health and Vaccination Policy in British India 1800-1947. New Delhi: Orient Longman, 2005.

Catanach, I.J. “Plague and the Tensions of Empire: India 1896-1918.” In Imperial Medicine and Indigenous Societies, 149-171. Edited by David Arnold. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 1988.

Echenberg, Myron. Black Death, White Medicine: Bubonic Plague and Public Health in Colonial Senegal, 1914-1945. Portsmouth: Heinemann, 2002.

Echenberg, Myron. Plague Ports: The Global Urban Impact of Bubonic Plague, 1894-1901. New York: NYU Press, 2007.

Forth, Aidan. Barbed-Wire Imperialism: Britain’s Empire of Camps, 1876-1903. Oakland: University of California Press, 2017.

Hammond, Mitchell L. Epidemics and the Modern World. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2020.

Mendelsohn, J. Andrew. “From Eradication to Equilibrium: How Epidemics Became Complex after World War I.” In Greater Than the Parts: Holism in Biomedicine, 1920-1950, 303-331. Edited by Christopher Lawrence and George Weisz. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998.

Peckham, Robert, ed. Empires of Panic: Epidemics and Colonial Anxieties. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press, 2015.

Ranger, Terence and Paul Slack, eds. Epidemics and Ideas: Essays on the Historical Perception of Pestilence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Sud, Shivani. “Water, Air, Light: The Materialities of Plague Photography in Colonial Bombay, 1896-97.” Getty Research Journal 12 (2020): 219-230.

Sud, Shivani. “Bombay Plague Visitation, 1896-97.” Asian and African Studies Blog, 22 July 2020. https://blogs.bl.uk/asian-and-african/2020/07/bombay-plague-visitation-1896-97.html

Zeheter, Michael. Epidemics, Empire, and Environments: Cholera in Madras and Quebec City, 1818-1910. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2015.

 

F–L

 

Fatphobia

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Duke, Joshua. Banting in India : with some remarks on diet and things in general. Calcutta: Thinker, Sprink, and Co., 1885.

Forth, Christopher E. “Fat, Desire and Disgust in the Colonial Imagination.” History Workshop Journal, Vol. 73 (2012): 211-239.

Huff, Joyce L. “A ‘Horror of Corpulence’: Interrogating Bantingism and Mid-Nineteenth-Century Fat-Phobia.” In Bodies Out of Bounds: Fatness and Transgression, 39-59. Edited by Kathleen LeBesco and Jana Evans Braziel. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 2001.

Strings, Sabrina. Fearing the Black Body: The Racial Origins of Fat Phobia. New York: New York University Press, 2019.

Tate, Shirley Anne. Black Women’s Bodies and the Nation: Race, Gender and Culture. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

 

Gendered/Sexed Experiences of Medicine

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Gender

Beauchamp, Toby. Going Stealth: Transgender Politics and U.S. Surveillance Practices. Durham; London: Duke University Press, 2019.

Bederman, Gail. Manliness & Civilization: A Cultural History of Gender and Race In the United States, 1880-1917. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Hartman, Saidiya. Wayward Lives, Beautiful Experiments: Intimate Histories of Riotous Black Girls, Troublesome Women and Queer Radicals. New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2020.

Herzig, Rebecca M. Plucked: A History of Hair Removal. New York: NYU Press, 2015.

Hinchy, Jessica. Governing Gender and Sexuality In Colonial India: The Hijra, c. 1850-1900. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2019.

Magubane, Zine. “Which Bodies Matter? Feminism, Poststructuralism, Race, and the Curious Theoretical Odyssey of the ‘Hottentot Venus.’” Gender and Society 15, no. 6 (2001): 816-34.

Biological Sex

Jordan-Young, Rebecca M. and Katrina Karkazis. Testosterone: An Unauthorized Biography. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2019.

Laqueur, Thomas Walter. Making Sex: Body and Gender From the Greeks to Freud. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1990.

Schiebinger, Londa. “The Anatomy of Difference: Race and Sex in Eighteenth-Century Science.” Eighteenth-Century Studies 23, no. 4 (1990): 387-405.

Schiebinger, Londa. “Fixing Racial and Sexual Types” in Nature’s Body: Gender In the Making of Modern Science. Boston: Beacon Press, 1993.

Sexuality

Carter, Julian B. The Heart of Whiteness: Normal Sexuality and Race in America, 1880–1940. Durham; London: Duke University Press, 2007. doi:10.2307/j.ctv1131cwd.

Somerville, Siobhan B. Queering the Color Line: Race and the Invention of Homosexuality in American Culture. Durham; London: Duke University Press, 2000. doi:10.2307/j.ctv11smx6p.

 

Landscape and Disease

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Anker, Peder. Imperial Ecology: Environmental Order in the British Empire, 1895-1945. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001.

Arnold, David. The Tropics and the Traveling Gaze. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2006. 

Ax, Christina Folke, Niels Brimnes, Niklas Thode Jensen, and Karen Oslund, eds. Cultivating the Colonies: Colonial States and their Environmental Legacies. Athens: Ohio University Press, 2011.

Beattie, James. “Colonial Geographies of Settlement: Vegetation, Towns, Disease and Well-Being In Aotearoa/New Zealand, 1830s-1930s.” Environment and History 14, no. 4 (2008): 583-610. 

Dyck, Erica and Christopher Fletcher, eds. Locating Health: Historical and Anthropological Investigations of Place and Health. London: Pickering & Chatto, 2011.

Koch, Tom. Cartographies of Disease: Maps, Mapping, and Medicine. Redlands: Esri Press, 2005. 

Rupke, N. A., ed. Medical Geography in Historical Perspective. London: Wellcome Trust Centre for the History of Medicine at University College London, 2000. 

Senior, Emily. The Caribbean and Medical Imagination, 1764-1834: Slavery, Disease and Colonial Modernity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. 

Senior, Emily. “The Colonial Picturesque and the Medical Utility of Landscape Aesthetics.” Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies 36, no. 4 (2013): 505-517.

Tuan, Yi-Fu. Landscapes of Fear. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1979.

 

Landscape and Race

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Asaka, Ikuko. Tropical Freedom: Climate, Settler Colonialism, and Black Exclusion in the Age of Emancipation. Durham: Duke University Press, 2017.

Bleichmar, Daniela. Visual Voyages: Images of Latin American Nature from Columbus to Darwin. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2017.

Casid, Jill H. Sowing Empire: Landscape and Colonization. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2005. 

Chakrabarti, Pratik. Inscriptions of Nature: Geology and the Naturalization of Antiquity. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2020.

Deloughrey, Elizabeth. Allegories of the Anthropocene. Durham: Duke University Press, 2019. 

Dickenson, Victoria. Drawn from Life: Science and Art in the Portrayal of the New World. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998.

Driver, Felix and Luciana Martins, eds. Tropical Visions in an Age of Empire. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005. 

Grove, Richard H. Green Imperialism: Colonial Expansion, Tropical Islands and the Origins of Environmentalism, 1600-1800. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Jaffe, Rivke. Concrete Jungles: Urban Pollution and the Politics of Difference in the Caribbean. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Jazeel, Tariq. Sacred Modernity: Nature, Environment, and the Postcolonial Geographies of Sri Lankan Nationhood. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2013. 

Mitchell, W.J.T., ed. Landscape and Power. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994. 

Nelson, Charmaine A. Slavery, Geography and Empire in Nineteenth-Century Marine Landscapes of Montreal and Jamaica. New York: Routledge, 2016. 

Schein, Robert, ed. Landscape and Race in the United States. London: Routledge, 2006. 

Schiebinger, Londa. Secret Cures of Slaves: People, Plants, and Medicine in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2017.

Stepan, Nancy. Picturing Tropical Nature. London: Reaktion Books, 2001.

Thompson, Krista. An Eye for the Tropics: Tourism, Photography, and the Framing of the Caribbean Picturesque. Durham: Duke University Press, 2007. 

Tobin, Beth Fowkes. Colonizing Nature: The Tropics in British Arts and Letters, 1760-1829. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.

Vlach, John. Back of the Big House: The Architecture of Plantation Slavery. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1993. 

Wahab, Amar. Colonial Inventions: Landscape, Power, and Representation in Nineteenth-Century Trinidad. Newcastle Upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars, 2010.

 

M–R

 

Medicine and Image-Making

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Campt, Tina M. Listening to Images. Durham: Duke University Press, 2017. 

Fox, Daniel M. and Christopher Lawrence. Photographing Medicine: Images and Power in Britain and America since 1840. New York: Greenwood Press, 1988. 

Gilman, Sander L. Disease and Representation: Images of Illness from Madness to Aids. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1988. 

Gilman, Sander L. Health and Illness: Images of Difference. London: Reaktion Books, 1995. 

Meli, Dominico. Visualizing Disease: The Art and History of Pathological Illustrations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017. 

Mukharji, Projit. Nationalizing the Body: The Medical Market, Print and Daktari Medicine. London: Anthem Press, 2009.

Rifkin, Benjamin. “The Art of Anatomy.” In Human Anatomy: a Visual History from the Renaissance to the Digital Age, 7-66. Edited by Benjamin Rifkin and Michael Ackerman. New York: Abrams, 2006. 

Sawday, Jonathan. The Body Emblazoned: Dissection and the Human Body in Renaissance Culture. New York: Routledge, 2013. 

Serlin, David, ed. Imagining Illness: Public Health and Visual Culture. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2010. 

 Sheehan, Tanya. Doctored: The Medicine of Photography in Nineteenth-Century America. University Park: Penn State University Press, 2011. 

Stelmackowich, Cindy. “Bodies of Knowledge: The Nineteenth-Century Anatomical Atlas in the Spaces of Art and Science.” RACAR: Revue d’art Canadienne / Canadian Art Review  33, no. ½ (200): 75-86.

Thomas, Ann, and Marta Braun, eds. Beauty of Another Order: Photography In Science. New Haven: Yale University Press in association with the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, 1997.

Zwijnenberg, Robert and Renée van de Vall, eds. The Body Within: Art, Medicine and Visualization. Boston: Brill, 2009.

 

Mental Health

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Anderson, Warwick, Deborah Jenson, and Richard C. Keller. Unconscious Dominions: Psychoanalysis, Colonial Trauma, and Global Sovereignties. Durham: Duke University Press, 2011.

Brickman, Celia. Aboriginal Populations in the Mind: Race and Primitivity in Psychoanalysis. New York: Columbia University Press, 2003.

Coleborne, Catherine. Insanity, Identity and Empire: Immigrants and Institutional Confinement in Australia and New Zealand, 1873-1910. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2015.

Coleborne, Catherine. Madness in the Family: Insanity and Institutions in the Australasian Colonial World, 1860–1914. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.

Das, Debjani. Houses of Madness: Insanity and Asylums of Bengal in Nineteenth-Century India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Fanon, Frantz. Black Skin, White Masks. New York: Grove Press, 1952.

Fanon, Frantz. The Wretched of the Earth. New York: Grove Press, 1963.

Fisher, Lawrence. Colonial Madness: Mental Health in the Barbadian Social Order. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1985.

Gonaver, Wendy. The Peculiar Institution and the Making of Modern Psychiatry, 1840–1880. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2019.

Keller, Richard. Colonial Madness: Psychiatry in French North Africa. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007.

Mahone, Sloan and Megan Vaughan, eds. Psychiatry and Empire. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

McCarthy, Angela. “Expelling and Repatriating the Colonial Insane: New Zealand before the First World War.” In Subverting Empire: Deviance and Disorder in the British Colonial World, 145-166. Edited by Will Jackson and Emily J. Manktelow. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

McLane Hamilton, Allan. Types of Insanity: An Illustrated Guide in the Physical Diagnosis of Mental Disease. New York: WIlliam Wood, 1883.

Metzl, Jonathan. The Protest Psychosis: How Schizophrenia Became a Black Disease. Boston: Beacon Press, 2010. 

Pinto, Sarah Ann. Lunatic Asylums in Colonial Bombay: Shackled Bodies, Unchained Minds. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018.

Smith, Leonard. Insanity, Race and Colonialism: Managing Mental Disorder in the Post-Emancipation British Caribbean, 1838-1914. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

Summers, Martin. Madness in the City of Magnificent Intentions: A History of Race and Mental Illness in the Nation’s Capital. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019.

Waldram, James B. Revenge of the Windigo: The Construction of the Mind and Mental Health of North American Aboriginal Peoples. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004.

Waltraud, Ernst. Colonialism and transnational psychiatry: the development of an Indian mental hospital in British India, c. 1925-1940. London: New Anthem Press, 2013.

Westmore, Ann. “Mind, mania and science: psychiatry and the culture of experiment in mid-twentieth century Victoria.” PhD Diss., University of Melbourne, 2002.

 

Racial Science in the British Empire

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Curran, Andrew S. The Anatomy of Blackness: Science and Slavery in an Age of Enlightenment. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, 2011.

Delbourgo, James. “The Newtonian Slave Body: Racial Enlightenment in the Atlantic World.” Atlantic Studies 9, no. 2 (June 2012): 185–207. https://doi.org/10.1080/14788810.2012.666412.

Douglas, Bronwen and Chris Ballard, eds. Foreign Bodies: Oceania and the Science of Race, 1750–1880. Canberra: ANU ePress, 2008. 

Lorimer, Douglas. Science, Race Relations and Resistance: Britain, 1870-1914. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2013. 

Nott, Josiah and George Gliddon. Types of Mankind or Ethnological Researches: Based upon the Ancient Monuments, Paintings, Sculptures, and Crania of the Races and Upon their Natural, Geographical, Philological and Bibliographical History. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, Grambo and Co, 1854. 

Stepan, Nancy. The Idea of Race in Science: Great Britain, 1800-1960. Hamden: Archon Books, 1982. 

Focus on Medicine: 

Anderson, Warwick. The Cultivation of Whiteness: Science, Health, and Racial Destiny in Australia. Carlton: Melbourne University Press, 2005.

Ernst, Waltraud and Bernard Harris. Race, Science, and Medicine, 1700– 1960. New York: Routledge, 1999. 

Espinosa, Mariola. “The Question of Racial Immunity to Yellow Fever in History and Historiography.” Social Science History 38 (Winter 2014): 437-453. 

Harris, Bernard, ed. Race, Science, and Medicine, 1700-1960. New York: Routledge, 1999. 

Harrison, Mark. “‘The tender frame of man’: Disease, Climate, and Racial Difference in India and the West Indies, 1760–1860.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 70, no. 1 (1996): 68–93.

Hogarth, Rana A. Medicalizing Blackness: Making Racial Difference in the Atlantic World, 1780-1840. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2017. 

Seth, Suman. Difference and Disease: Medicine, Race and the Eighteenth-Century British Empire. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018. 

Willoughby, Christopher D. “‘His Native, Hot Country’: Racial Science and Environment in Antebellum American Medical Thought.” Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences 72, no. 3 (July 2017): 328-351. 

Emphasis on Aesthetics: 

Bindman, David. Ape to Apollo: Aesthetics and the Idea of Race in the Eighteenth Century. London: Reaktion Books, 2002. 

Kline, Wendy. “Review of Eugenic Design: Streamlining America in the 1930s.” Journal of Social History 40, no. 1 (2006): 267-268.

Patton, Pamela. “Blackness, Whiteness, and the Idea of Race in Medieval European Art.” In Whose Middle Ages?, 154-165. Edited by Andrew Albin, Mary Carpenter Erler, Thomas O’Donnell, Nicholas Paul, and Nina Rowe. New York: Fordham University Press, 2019. 

Stelmackowich, Cindy. “Bodies of Knowledge: The Nineteenth-Century Anatomical Atlas in the Spaces of Art and Science.” RACAR: Revue d’art Canadienne/Canadian Art Review 33, no. 1/2 (2008): 75–86.

Wallis, Brian. “Black Bodies, White Science: Louis Aggasiz’s Slave Daguerreotypes.” American Art 9, no. 2 (Summer 1995): 38-61. 

 

Reproductive Medicine

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Briggs, Laura. Reproducing Empire: Race, Sex, Science, and U.S. Imperialism in Puerto Rico. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002. 

Featherstone, Lisa. “Imagining the black body: race, gender and gynaecology in late colonial Australia.” Lilith: A Feminist History Journal, no. 15 (2006): 86-96. 

Magubane, Zine. “Which Bodies Matter? Feminism, Poststructuralism, Race, and the Curious Theoretical Odyssey of the ‘Hottentot Venus.’” Gender and Society 15, no. 6 (2001): 816-834.

McGregor, Deborah Kuhn. From Midwives to Medicine: The Birth of American Gynecology. Newark: Rutgers University Press, 1998.

Moitt, Bernard. Women and Slavery in the French Antilles, 1635-1848. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001.

Morgan, Jennifer L. Laboring Women: Reproduction and Gender in New World Slavery. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2004.

Mukherjee, Sujata. Gender, medicine, and society in colonial India : women’s health care in nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Bengal. New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2017.

Paugh, Katherine. The politics of reproduction: race, medicine, and fertility in the age of abolition. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.

Owens, Deirdre Cooper. Medical Bondage: Race, Gender, and The Origins of American Gynecology. Athens: UGA Press, 2017.

Roberts, Dorothy. Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty. New York: Vintage Books, 1997.

Samanta, Arabinda. “Physicians, Forceps and Childbirth: Technological Intervention in Reproductive Health in Colonial Bengal.” In Medicine and Colonialism: Historical Perspectives in India and South Africa, 111-126. Edited by Poonam Bala. Abingdon: Routledge, 2014.

Sims, J. Marion. The Story of My Life. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1884.

Schwartz, Marie Jenkins. Birthing a Slave: Motherhood and Medicine in the Antebellum South. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2010.

Stone, Andrea. “The Protective Self: Slave Sexual Health, Crime, and U.S. Legal Personhood–Celia’s Murder Trial and Harriet Jacobs’s Incidents.” In Black Well-Being : Health and Selfhood in Antebellum Black Literature, 121-154. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2016.

Theobald, Brianna. Reproduction on the reservation: pregnancy, childbirth, and colonialism in the long twentieth century. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2019.

Thomas, Sarah. “Envisaging a Future for Slavery: Agostino Brunias and the Imperial Politics of Labor and Reproduction.” Eighteenth-Century Studies, Vol. 52, no. 1 (115-133): 2018.

Turner, Sasha. Contested Bodies: Pregnancy, Childrearing, and Slavery in Jamaica. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2017.

Washington, Harriet A. Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present. New York: Doubleday, 2007.

Weinbaum, Alys Eve. The Afterlife of Reproductive Slavery: Biocapitalism and Black Feminism’s Philosophy of History. Durham: Duke University Press, 2019.

 

S–Z

 

Skin and Skin Disease

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Barnett, Richard. The Sick Rose, or, Disease and the Art of Medical Illustration. New York: D.A.P./Distributed Art Publishers, Inc., 2014.

Edmond, Ron. Leprosy and Empire: A Medical and Cultural History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. 

Gilman, Sander. “Touch, Sexuality, and Disease.” In Medicine and the Five Senses, 198-224. Edited by W.F. Bynum and Roy Porter. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993. 

Grimes, Pearl E., ed. Aesthetics and Cosmetic Surgery for Darker Skin Types. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2008.

Hornblum, Allen M. Acres of Skin: Human Experiments at Holmesburg Prison. New York: Routledge, 1998. 

Johnson, Jr., Bernett L., Ronald L. Moy, and Gary M. White. Ethnic Skin: Medical and Surgical. St. Louis: Mosby, 1998.

Kelly, A. Paul and Susan C. Taylor, eds. Dermatology for Skin of Color. New York: McGraw-Hill Medical, 2009.

Kingsbury, Benjamin. The Dark Island: Leprosy in New Zealand and the Quail Island Colony. Wellington: Bridget Williams Books Ltd, 2019.

Lafrance, Mark. “Skin Studies: Past, Present and Future.” Body and Society 24, No. 1-2, (2018): 3-32

Reinarz, Jonathan and Kevin Siena, eds. A Medical History of Skin: Scratching the Surface. London: Pickering & Chatto, 2013. 

Rosenthal, Caroline and Dirk Vanderbeke. Probing the Skin: Cultural Representations of Our Contact Zone. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015. 

Schiebinger, Londa. “Medical Experimentation and Race in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World.” Social History of Medicine 26, no. 3 (August 2013): 364–382. https://doi.org/10.1093/shm/hkt011

Schnalke, T. “Casting Skin: Meanings for Doctors, Artists, and Patients.” In Models: The Third Dimension of Science, 207-41. Edited by Soraya de Chadarevian and Nick Hopwood. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2004. 

Senior, Emily. “‘Perfectly Whole’: Skin and Text in John Gabriel Stedman’s Narrative of a Five Years Expedition Against the Revolted Negroes of Surinam.” Eighteenth-Century Studies 44, no. 1 (Fall 2010): 39-56.

Senior, Emily. The Caribbean and Medical Imagination, 1764-1834: Slavery, Disease and Colonial Modernity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2018.

Te Hennepe, Mechthild. “Bodily and Pictorial Surfaces: Skin in French Art and Medicine, 1790-1860.” Art History 28 (2005): 311-339.

Te Hennepe, Mechthild. “Skin Portraiture ‘painted from nature’: Ferdinand Hebra’s Atlas of Skin Diseases (1856-76),” In Hidden Treasure, 122-126. Edited by Michael Sappol. New York: Blast Books, 2012. 

Te Hennepe, Mieneke. Depicting Skin: Visual Culture in Nineteenth-Century Medicine. Wageningen: Ponsen & Looijen, 2007.

 

Tropical Diseases and Medicine

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Anderson, W. “‘Where Every Prospect Pleases and Only Man Is Vile’: Laboratory Medicine as Colonial Discourse.” Critical Inquiry 18, no. 3 (1992): 506-29.

Anderson, Warwick. “Immunities of Empire: Race, Disease and the New Tropical Medicine, 1900-1920.” Bulletin of the History of Medicine 70, no. 1 (1996): 94-118.

Arnold, David, ed. Warm Climates and Western Medicine: The Emergence of Tropical Medicine, 1500-1900. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1996.

Bhattacharya, Nandini. Contagion and Enclaves: Tropical Medicine in Colonial India. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2012.

Bynum, WF. “Malaria in Inter-War British India.” Parassitologia 42, no. 1-2 (2000): 25-31.

Chakrabarti, Pratik. Western Science in Modern India: Metropolitan Methods, Colonial Practices. New Delhi: Permanent Black, 2004.

Chakrabarti, Pratik, “‘Signs of the Times’: Medicine and Nationhood in British India.” Osiris 24 (2009): 188-211.

Chakrabarti, Pratik. “Curing Cholera: Pathogens, Places and Poverty in South Asia.” International Journal of South Asian Studies 3 (2010): 153-68.

Chatterjee, Aditi. The Changing Landscapes of the Indian Hill-stations: Power, Culture and Tradition. Calcutta: Prabasi Press, 1997.

Cook, G.C. Tropical Medicine: an Illustrated History of its Pioneers. London: Academic, 2007.

Edmond, Rod. “Returning Fears: Tropical Disease and the Metropolis.” In Tropical Visions in an Age of Empire, 175-196. Edited by Felix Driver. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.

Gómez, Pablo. The Experiential Caribbean: Creating Knowledge and Healing in the Early Modern Atlantic. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2017.

Harrison, Mark. Public Health in British India: Anglo-Indian Preventive Medicine 1859-1914. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Haynes, Douglas M. Imperial Medicine: Patrick Manson and the Conquest of Tropical Disease. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001.

Hogarth, Rana A. Medicalizing Blackness: Making Racial Difference in the Atlantic World, 1780-1840. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2017.

Isaacs, Jeremy D. “D.D. Cunningham and the Aetiology of Cholera in British India, 1869-1897.” Medical History 42 (1998): 279-305.

Klein, Ira. “Development and Death: Reinterpreting Malaria, Economics and Ecology in British India.” Indian Economic and Social History Review 38 (2001): 147-79.

Livingstone, David N. “Tropical Climate and Moral Hygiene: The Anatomy of a Victorian Debate.” British Journal for the History Science 32 (1999): 93-110.

Lyons, Maryinez. The Colonial Disease: A Social History of Sleeping Sickness in Northern Zaire, 1900-1940. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Quier, John, Thomas Fraser, John Hume, George Monro, Ambrose Dawson, and Dr. Dodswell. Letters and essays on the small pox and inoculation, the measles, the dry belly ache, the yellow, and remitting, and intermitting fevers of the West Indies: to which are added, thoughts on the hydrocephalus internus, and observations on hydatides in the heads of cattle. London: John Murray, 1778.

Event Resources

May 6, 2021 | Observing the Past: Archives, Interpretation and Practices of Care

On Thursday, May 6, 2021, Dr. Edna Bonhomme, Dr. Ruth De Souza RN, PhD, FACN, Phoebe Nobles, and Emma Sarconi discussed how they practice care in the interpretation and collection of medical history archives, and they offered their perspectives on some of the difficult questions around the collection, interpretation, and publication of medical history and imagery that continue to have an impact on the ways people are treated within the medical sphere and beyond. The event recording is available here. Additionally, to build upon their conversation, the panelists shared several texts that have proved helpful as they develop their research and practices of care. They have provided some of their own work as well.

From Dr. Edna Bonhomme:

Bhattacharya, Nandini. Contagion and Enclaves: Tropical Medicine in Colonial India. Liverpool, UK: Liverpool University Press, 2012.

Bonhomme, Edna. “Ways of Knowing.” The Baffler, May 5, 2021.

Bonhomme, Edna. “Germany’s Anti-Vaccination History Is Riddled With Anti-Semitism.” The Atlantic, May 3, 2021.

Bonhomme, Edna. “Troubling (Post)Colonial Histories of Medicine: Toward a Praxis of the Human.” Isis Vol. 111, no. 4 (2020): 830-833.

Goyal, Yogita. Runaway Genres: The Global Afterlives of Slavery. New York, NY: New York University Press, 2019.

Jacobs, Harriet. Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. Boston, MA: Thayer & Eldridge, 1861.

Mbembe, Achille. Necropolitics. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2019.

McKittrick, Katherine. “Plantation Futures.” Small Axe 17, no. 3 (2013): 1-15.

Randolph, Rev. Peter. From Slave Cabin to the Pulpit; the Autobiography of Rev. Peter Randolph: The Southern Question Illustrated and Sketches of Slave Life. Boston, MA: James H. Earle, 1893.

Roberts, Dorothy E. Killing the Black Body: Race, Reproduction, and the Meaning of Liberty. New York, NY: Pantheon Books, 1997.

Washington, Harriet A. Medical Apartheid: The Dark History of Medical Experimentation on Black Americans from Colonial Times to the Present. New York, NY: Doubleday, 2007.

From Dr. Ruth De Souza:

De Souza, Ruth . “Navigating the ethics in cultural safety.” In Cultural Safety in Aotearoa New Zealand, ed. Dianne Wepa (Port Melbourne, Australia: Cambridge University Press, 2015), 111–124.

De Souza, Ruth. “Motherhood, migration and methodology: Giving voice to the ‘other.’The Qualitative Report 9, no. 3 (2004): 463-482.

De Souza, Ruth. “Returning the indigenous to the centre: a view from Aotearoa/New Zealand.” Diversity in Health and Care 6 (2009): 219–221.

De Souza, Ruth. “Culturally safe care for ethnically and religiously diverse communities.” In Cultural Safety in Aotearoa New Zealand, ed. Dianne Wepa (Port Melbourne, Australia: Cambridge University Press, 2015), 189-203.

De Souza, Ruth. “Is it enough? Why we need more than diversity in nursing – Australian College of Nursing.” Australian College of Nursing, December 4, 2018.

Geia L., K. Baird, K. Bail, L. Barclay, J. Bennett, O. Best, M. Birks, L. Blackley, R. Blackman, A. Bonner, et. al. “A unified call to action from Australian Nursing and Midwifery leaders: ensuring that Black Lives Matter.” Contemporary Nurse 56, no. 4 (2020): 297–308.

Lillie, Jade, Jax Jacki Brown, Kate Larsen, and Cara Kirkwood. The Relationship is the Project: Working with Communities. Melbourne, Australia: Brow Books, 2020.

Moorley, Calvin, Philip Darbyshire, Laura Serrant, Janine Mohamed, Parveen Ali, and Ruth De Souza. “Dismantling structural racism: Nursing must not be caught on the wrong side of history.” Journal of Advanced Nursing 76 (2020): 2450–2453.

From Emma Sarconi:

Caswell, Michelle. “Dusting for Fingerprints: Introducing Feminist Standpoint Appraisal.” Journal of Critical Library and Information Studies 3, no. 1 (2019): 1-36.

Farmer, Ashley. “Archiving While Black.” The Chronicle of Higher Education, July 22, 2018.

Howsam, Leslie. “In My View: Women and Book History.” SHARP News 7, no. 4 (1998): 1–2.

Overholt, John H. “Five theses on the future of special collections.” RBM: A Journal of Rare Books, Manuscripts, and Cultural Heritage 14, no. 1 (2013): 15-20.

Werner, Sarah. “Weaving a Feminist Book History.” Society for American Archivists Conference, 2018. Keynote address.

Art Hx