Title: Julia Pastrana, a bearded woman, embalmed

Artist/Maker:

Date: 1862

Source: Wellcome Collection

Copyright/Permissions: Julia Pastrana, a bearded woman, embalmed. Wood engraving, 1862. Public Domain Mark

References: Herzig, Rebecca M. “Bearded Women and Dog-Faced Men: Darwin’s Great Denudation.” In Plucked: A History of Hair Removal, 55-74. NYU Press, 2015.

Location(s): Picadilly, London, England, UK

Commentary: Julia Pastrana was a woman from Mexico whose hairy face and body made her a popular attraction to carnivals and freak shows in the mid-1800s. People, like Pastrana, who were considered abnormally hairy by the Euro-American public were displayed and publicised as sub-human examples of the “missing-links” proving Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution. This wood engraving was printed after Pastrana’s death to publicise the exhibition of her embalmed body in a gallery in Piccadilly, London in 1862.

Click here to listen to a response to this object by an Art Hx team member.

 

Date posted: February 22, 2021 | Author: | Comments Off on Julia Pastrana, a bearded woman, embalmed

Categories: Advertisements Gender and Sex Scientific Racism Skin and Skin Disease Taxonomies

Title: A woman offers a watermelon to a sick man; he is cured and both start dancing; she holds up a medicine bottle.

Artist/Maker:

Date: 1890

Source: Wellcome Collection

Copyright/Permissions: A woman offers a watermelon to a sick man; he is cured and both start dancing; she holds up a medicine bottle. Coloured lithograph, 1890. Credit: Wellcome Collection. Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

Location(s): New York City, USA

Date posted: February 22, 2021 | Author: | Comments Off on A woman offers a watermelon to a sick man

Categories: Pharmaceuticals

Title: “Krao”, the “missing link” : a living proof of Darwin’s theory of the descent of man : special lectures, 2.30, 5.30 & 9.30… : all should see her : [jungle illustration].

Artist/Maker:

Date: March 1887

Source: Wellcome Collection

Copyright/Permissions: “Krao”, the “missing link” : a living proof of Darwin’s theory of the descent of man : special lectures, 2.30, 5.30 & 9.30… : all should see her : [jungle illustration]. Public Domain Mark

References: Herzig, Rebecca M. “Bearded Women and Dog-Faced Men: Darwin’s Great Denudation.” In Plucked: A History of Hair Removal, 55-74. NYU Press, 2015.

Location(s): Laos; Westminster, London, England, UK

Date posted: February 22, 2021 | Author: | Comments Off on “Krao”, the “missing link”

Categories: Advertisements Gender and Sex Scientific Racism Skin and Skin Disease Taxonomies

Title: Harriet Tubman

Artist/Maker: H. Seymour Squyer

Date: ca.1885

Source: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

Copyright/Permissions: National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution

Location(s): Dorchester County, Maryland, USA; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA; Auburn, New York, USA; Hilton Head, South Carolina, USA

 

Date posted: January 30, 2021 | Author: | Comments Off on Harriet Tubman

Categories: Disability Nurses and Physicians Punishment

Title: The Joice Heth Exhibition, Boston Concert Hall, 1835. From P.T. Barnum, The Life of P.T. Barnum, Written By Himself (London: Samson Low, Son, 1855), 158.

Artist/Maker:

Date: 1855

Source: P.T. Barnum, The Life of P.T. Barnum, Written By Himself (London: Samson Low, Son, 1855), 158.

Copyright/Permissions: Public Domain

References: Boster, Dea H. African American Slavery and Disability: Bodies, Property and Power in the Antebellum South, 1800-1860. New York, NY: Routledge, 2013.

Location(s): Boston, Massachusetts, USA

 

Date posted: January 28, 2021 | Author: | Comments Off on The Joice Heth Exhibition, Boston Concert Hall

Categories: Disability Gender and Sex Slavery and Medical Knowledge

Title: Just arrived from London, and, by permission, will be exhibited here for a few days at Mr. James’s Sale Rooms, corner of Lord-street : that most wonderful phenomenon of nature, the Hottentot Venus : the only one ever exhibited in Europe

Artist/Maker: 

Date: ca. 1810

Source: Wellcome Collection

Copyright/Permissions: Just arrived from London, and, by permission, will be exhibited here for a few days at Mr. James’s Sale Rooms, corner of Lord-street : that most wonderful phenomenon of nature, the Hottentot Venus : the only one ever exhibited in Europe. Public Domain Mark

Location(s): London, England

 

Date posted: January 28, 2021 | Author: | Comments Off on Just arrived from London…

Categories: Advertisements Fat Phobia Scientific Racism

Title: James Thomson, MD, Stages of the Eruption in Yaws, 1819, chromolithograph, published by A Constable & Co, Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal, vol 15, Issue 60, 1819, 328.

Artist/Maker: James Thomson

Date: 1819

Source: U.S National Library of Medicine-National Institutes of Health

Copyright/Permissions: Public Domain

References: James Thomson, “Observations and Experiments on the Nature of the Morbid Poison Called Yaws, with Coloured Engravings of the Eruption,” Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal 15, no. 60 (July 1, 1819): 321–28, https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5845271/; Londa Schiebinger, Secret Cures of Slaves: People, Plants, and Medicine in the Eighteenth-Century Atlantic World (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2017), 50-57; 99–112.

Location(s): St. Thomas in the Vale, Jamaica

Commentary: These drawings made by Scottish physician John Thomson show the results of an experimentation he conducted on enslaved children, to test the efficacy of inoculation – artificially inducing immunity to a disease – against Yaws. He published them along with his observations in the Edinburgh Medical and Surgical Journal, which is still in circulation today. These images, and Thomson’s observations, reveal how enslaved people’s bodies are integral to the history of medicine, yet remain erased from the record.

Date posted: January 28, 2021 | Author: | Comments Off on Stages of the Eruption in Yaws

Categories: Skin and Skin Disease Slavery and Medical Knowledge

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